For copies of these papers email us at [email protected] You can also access these papers at Research Gate ( click here ).

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Friess & Oliver. 2014. Dynamic Environments of Singapore. McGraw Hill. 193 pages. ISBN: 9789814575706.
Journal articles
Friess, Rogers, Lovelock, Krauss, Hamilton, Lee, Lucas, Primavera, Rajkaran & Shi. Accepted. The state of the world's mangrove forests: past, present and future. Annual Review of Environment and Resources

Van der Stocken, Wee, De Ryck, Vanshoenwinkel, Friess, Dahdouh-Guebas, Simard, Koedam & Webb. Accepted. A general framework for propagule dispersal in mangroves. Biological Reviews

Vande Velde, Huge, Friess, Koedam & Dahdouh-Guebas. Accepted. Stakeholder discourses on urban mangrove conservation and management. Ocean & Coastal Management

Coleman, Ascher, Bickford, Buchori, Cabanban, Chisholm, Chong, Christie, Clements, dela Cruz, Dressler, Edwards, Francis, Friess, et al. 2019Top 100 research questions for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia. Biological Conservation 234, 211-220

Cameron, Hutley & Friess. 2019Estimating the full greenhouse gas emissions offset potential and profile between rehabilitating and established mangroves. Science of the Total Environment 665, 419-431.

Pham, Yokoya, Bui, Yoshino & Friess. 2019. Remote sensing approaches for monitoring mangrove species, structure and biomass: opportunities and challenges. Remote Sensing​ 11, 230.

Curnick, Pettorelli, Amir, Balke, Barbier, Crooks, Dahdouh-Guebas, Duncan, Endsor, Friess, Quarto, Zimmer, Lee. 2019. The value of small mangrove patches. Science 363, 239.
Thompson & Friess. 2019. Stakeholder preferences for payments for ecosystem services (PES) versus other environmental management approaches for mangrove forests. Journal of Environmental Management 233, 636-648.

​​Cameron, Hutley, Friess & Brown. 2019. Community structure dynamics and carbon stock change of rehabilitated mangrove forests in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ecological Applications 29, e01810.

Cameron, Hutley, Friess & Munksgaard. 2019. Hydroperiod, soil moisture and bioturbation are critical drivers of greenhouse gas fluxes and vary as a function of landuse change in mangroves of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Science of the Total Environment 654, 365-377.

Friess. 2019. Where the tallest mangroves are. Nature Geoscience 12, 4-5.


Taillardat, Friess & Lupascu. 2018. Mangrove blue carbon strategies for climate change mitigation are most effective at the national scale. Biology Letters 14, 20180251

Scales, Friess, Glass & Ravaoarinorotsihoarana. 2018. Rural livelihoods and mangrove degradation in south-west Madagascar: lime production as an emerging threat. Oryx 52, 641-645.

Heery, Browne, Hoeksema, Reimer, Ang, Friess, Huang, Chou, Bauman, Loke, Saksena-Taylor, Alsagoff, Yeemin, Sutthacheep, Vo, Bos, Gumanao, Hussein, Waheed, Lane, Johan, Kunsmann, Jompa, Taira & Todd. 2018. Urban coral reefs of East and Southeast Asia. Marine Pollution Bulletin 135, 654-681.

Taillardat, Willemsen, Marchand, Friess, Widory, Baudron, Truong, Nguyen & Ziegler. 2018. Assessing the contribution of porewater discharge in carbon export and CO2 evasion in a mangrove tidal creek (Can Gio, Vietnam). Journal of Hydrology 563, 303-318.

Taillardat, Ziegler, Friess, David, Widory, Truong, Nguyen & Marchand. ​2018. Carbon dynamics and inconstant porewater input in a mangrove tidal creek over contrasting seasons and tidal amplitudes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 237, 32-48.

Islam, Sunny, Hossain & Friess. 2018. Drivers of mangrove ecosystem service change in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 39, 244-265.

Gaw, Linkie & Friess. 2018. Mangrove forest dynamics in Tanintharyi, Myanmar from 1989-2014, and the role of future economic and political developments. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 39, 224-243.

Leong, Friess, Crase, Lee & Webb. 2018. High-resolution pattern of mangrove species distribution is controlled by surface elevation. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 202, 185-192.

Thompson, Gillen & Friess. 2018Challenging the principles of ecotourism: insights from entrepreneurs on environmental and economic sustainability in Langkawi, Malaysia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 26, 257-276.

Hamilton & Friess. 2018. Global carbon stocks and potential emissions due to mangrove deforestation from 2000 to 2012. Nature Climate Change 8, 240-244.


Friess. 2017. Mangrove rehabilitation along urban coastlines: a Singapore case study. Regional Studies in Marine Science 16, 279-289.

Feller, Friess, Krauss & Lewis. 2017. The state of the world's mangroves in the 21st century under climate change. Hydrobiologia 803, 1-12.

Friess. 2017J.G. Watson, Inundation Classes, and their influence on paradigms in mangrove forest ecology. Wetlands ​37, 603-613.

Friess. 2017. Singapore as a long-term case study for tropical urban ecosystem services. Urban Ecosystems 20, 277-291.

Richards & Friess. 2017. Characterizing coastal ecosystem service trade-offs with future urban development in a tropical city. ​Environmental Management 60, 961-973.

Friess & Jazeel. 2017. Unlearning 'landscape'. Annals of the American Association of Geographers 107, 14-21.

Benzeev, Hutchinson & Friess. 2017. Quantifying fisheries ecosystem services of mangroves and tropical urban artificial shorelines. Hydrobiologia​ 803, 225-237.

Singh, Friess, Vilela, Alban, Monzon, Veridiano & Tumaneng. 2017. Spatial relationships between above-ground biomass and bird biodiversity in Palawan, Philippines. PLoS ONE 12, e0186742.

Sillanpää, Vantellingen & Friess. 2017. Vegetation regeneration in a sustainable harvested mangrove forest in West Papua, Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management ​290, 137-146.

Thompson, Primavera & Friess. 2017. Governance and implementation challenges for mangrove forest Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): empirical evidence from the Philippines. Ecosystem Services 23, 146-155.

Sharma, Nadoaka, Nakoaka, Uy, MacKenzie, Friess & Fortes. 2017. Growth performance and structure of a mangrove afforestation project on a former seagrass bed, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Hydrobiologia 803, 359-371.

Oh, Friess & Brown. 2017. The role of surface elevation in the rehabilitation of abandoned aquaculture ponds to mangrove forest, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ecological Engineering 100, 325-334.


Friess, Thompson, Brown, Amir, Cameron, Koldewey, Sasmito & Sidik. 2016. Policy challenges and approaches for the conservation of mangrove forests in Southeast Asia. Conservation Biology 30, 933-949.

Richards & Friess. 2016. Rates and drivers of mangrove deforestation in Southeast Asia, 2000-2012. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, 344-349.

Friess. 2016. Ecosystem services and disservices of mangrove forests: insights from historical colonial observations. Forests 7, 183.

Friess. 2016. Mangrove forests. Current Biology 36, R746-R748.

Friess, Richards & Phang. Mangrove forests store high densities of carbon across the tropical urban landscape of Singapore. Urban Ecosystems 19, 795-810.

Friess, Lee & Primavera. 2016. Turning the tide on mangrove loss: editorial. Marine Pollution Bulletin 109, 673-675.

Friess, Oliver, Quak & Lau. 2016. Incorporating "virtual" and "real world" field trips into introductory geography modules. Journal of Geography in Higher Education 40, 546-564.

Willemsen, Horstman, Borsje, Friess & Dohmen-Janssen. 2016. Sensitivity of the sediment trapping capacity of an estuarine mangrove forest. Geomorphology 273, 189-201.

Terry, Oliver & Friess. 2016. Ancient high-energy storm boulder deposits on Ko Samui, Thailand, and their significance for identifying coastal hazard risk. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 454, 282-293.

Singh, Evans, Coomes, Friess, Tan & Nin. 2016. Incorporating canopy cover for airborne-derived assessments of forest biomass in the tropical forests of Cambodia. PLoS ONE 11, e0154307.

Ward, Friess, Day & Mackenzie. 2016. Impacts of climate change on mangrove ecosystems: a region by region overview. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 2, e01211.

Sasmito, Murdiyarso, Friess & Kurnianto. 2016. Can mangroves keep pace with contemporary sea level rise? A global data review. Wetlands Ecology and Management 24, 263-278.

Balke & Friess. 2016. Geomorphic knowledge for mangrove restoration: a pan-tropical categorization. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 41, 231-239.


Lovelock, Cahoon, Friess, Guntenspergen, Krauss, Reef, Rogers, Saunders, Sidik, Swales, Saintilan, Thuyen & Triet. 2015. The vulnerability of Indo-Pacific mangrove forests to sea-level rise. Nature 526, 559-563.

Friess, Phelps, Garmendia & Gómez-Baggethun. 2015. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) in the face of external biophysical stressors. Global Environmental Change 30, 31-42.

Phang, Chou & Friess. 2015. Ecosystem carbon stocks across a tropical intertidal habitat mosaic of mangrove forest, seagrass meadow, mudflat and sandbar. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 40, 1387-1400.

Thiagarajah, Wong, Richards & Friess. 2015. Historical and contemporary cultural ecosystem service values in the rapidly urbanizing city state of Singapore. Ambio 44, 666-677.

Singh, Evans, Friess, Tan & Nin. 2015. Mapping Above-Ground Biomass in a tropical forest in Cambodia using canopy textures derived from Google Earth. Remote Sensing 7, 5057-5076.

Gillen, Ziegler, Friess & Wasson. 2015. Geography's role in nurturing postgraduate students. The Geographical Journal 181, 427-431.

Richards & Friess. 2015. A rapid indicator of cultural ecosystem service usage at a fine spatial scale: content analysis of social media photographs. Ecological Indicators 53, 187-195.


Friess & Webb. 2014. Variability in mangrove change estimates and implications for the assessment of ecosystem service provision. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23, 715-725.

Friess, Möller, Spencer, Smith, Thomson & Hill. 2014. Coastal saltmarsh managed realignment drives rapid breach inlet and external creek evolution, Freiston Shore (UK). Geomorphology 208, 22-33.

Webb, Jachowski, Phelps, Friess, Than & Ziegler. 2014. Deforestation in the Ayeyarwady Delta and the conservation implications of an internationally-engaged Myanmar. Global Environmental Change 24, 321-333.

Ziegler, Terry, Oliver, Friess, Chuah, Chow & Wasson. 2014. Increasing Singapore's resilience to drought. Hydrological Processes 28, 4543-4548.


Webb, Friess, Krauss, Cahoon, Guntenspergen & Phelps. 2013. A global standard for monitoring coastal wetland vulnerability to accelerated sea level rise. Nature Climate Change 3, 458-465.

Friess. 2013. Tropical wetlands and REDD+: three unique scientific challenges for policy. International Journal of Rural Law and Policy 2013, 68-73.

Jachowski, Quak, Friess, Duangnamon, Webb & Ziegler. 2013. Mangrove biomass estimation in Southwest Thailand using machine learning. Applied Geography 45, 311-321.


Friess, Krauss, Horstman, Balke, Bouma, Galli & Webb. 2012. Are all intertidal wetlands naturally created equal? Bottlenecks, thresholds and knowledge gaps to mangrove and saltmarsh ecosystems. Biological Reviews 87, 346-366.

Friess, Spencer, Smith, Möller, Brooks & Thomson. 2012. Remote sensing of geomorphological and ecological change in response to saltmarsh managed realignment, The Wash, UK. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 18, 57-68.

Friess, Phelps, Leong, Lee, Wee, Sivasothi, Oh & Webb. 2012. Mandai mangrove, Singapore: lessons for the conservation of Southeast Asia's mangroves. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology S25, 55-65.

Webb, Phelps, Friess, Rao & Ziegler. 2012. Environment-friendly reform in Myanmar. Science 336, 295.

Phelps, Friess & Webb. 2012. Win-win REDD+ approaches belie carbon-biodiversity trade-offs. Biological Conservation 154, 53-60.

Spencer, Friess, Möller, Brown, Garbutt & French. 2012. Surface elevation change in natural and re-created intertidal habitats, eastern England, UK, with particular reference to Freiston Shore. Wetlands Ecology and Management 20, 9-33.


Friess & Webb. 2011. Bad data equals bad policy: how to trust rates of ecosystem loss when there is so much uncertainty? Environmental Conservation 38, 1-5.

Friess, Kudavidanage & Webb. 2011. The digital globe is our oyster. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9, 542.

Krauss & Friess. 2011. Review of the World Atlas of Mangroves. Wetlands 35, 1003-1005.

Book chapters and working papers​​
Primavera, Friess, van Lavieren & Lee. 2018. The mangrove ecosystem. In: World Seas: an Environmental Evaluation. ​Academic Press.

Lovelock, Friess, Kauffman & Fourqurean. 2018. Human impacts on blue carbon ecosystems. In: A Blue Carbon Primer. CDC Press.

Friess. 2017. "Mangroves". In: Oxford Bibliographies in Environmental Science. Ed. Ellen Wohl. Oxford University Press.​​

Friess. 2017. Ecotourism as a tool for mangrove conservation. Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education 1, 24-35.

Sasmito, Taillardat, Clendenning, Friess, Murdiyarso, Hutley. 2016. Carbon stocks and fluxes associated with land-use and land-cover change in mangrove ecosystems: a systematic review protocol. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Working Paper 211

Friess & Thompson. 2016. Mangrove Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): a viable funding mechanism for Disaster Risk Reduction? In: Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation: Linking Science, Policy and Practice. Springer.

Friess. 2015. Managing Southeast Asian ecosystems to reduce coastal population vulnerability under sea level rise. In: Koh et al. (eds). Climate Change Adaptation: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. World Scientific.

van Bochove et al. 2014. The Importance of Mangroves to People: a call to action. United Nations Environment Programme [contributor to Chapter 5].

Friess. 2014. Biophysical thresholds to mangrove establishment. In: Lewis & Brown (eds). Ecological Mangrove Restoration: a Field Manual for Practitioners. Oxfam, Canadian International Development Agency.

Chan, Friess, Terry & Mitchell. 2014. Climate impacts: vulnerability and adaptation in coastal East Asia. In: Harris & Lang (eds). Handbook of Environment and Society in East Asia. Routledge.

Friess & Lacambra. 2013. El uso de LiDAR para la elaboración de mapas y modelos de amenazas naturales en zonas costeras [the use of LiDAR to map and model natural hazards in the coastal zone]. In: Alcantara (ed). Métodos en Teledetección Aplicada a la Prevención de Riesgos Naturales en el Litoral. [in Spanish, email me for an English version]

Lacambra, Friess, Spencer & Möller. 2013. Bioshields: mangroves as a resilient coastal defence. In: Renaud, Sudmeier-Rieux & Estrella (eds). The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction. United Nations University Press. Pgs 82-108.

Friess & Lee. 2012. Sundarban mangroves. In: Biomes and Ecosystems: an Encyclopedia. Golsen Press.

Friess, Möller & Spencer. 2008. Managed realignment and the re-establishment of saltmarsh habitat, Freiston Shore, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom. In: ProAct Network, The Role of Environmental Management and Eco-Engineering in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. ProAct Network/UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. 124p.

Gardiner, Hanson, Nicholls, Spencer & Friess. 2008. Coastal habitats, MCCIP Annual Report Card 2007–2008 Scientific Review. Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership.